Withered flowers are a sad sight, but if this is a natural process for a cut bouquet, then for a perennial in a pot it is a dangerous situation. It is very unfortunate if a healthy and strong plant becomes shriveled, dull, drops leaves and flowers or, even worse, ugly insects start on it or in the soil. Most often, this situation occurs in inexperienced or lazy flower growers. However, connoisseurs sometimes fail when trying to bring their favorite plant back to life.
How to prevent the death of a plant? Today we will understand the main reasons for the failures of lovers of indoor flowers.
Wrong choice of plant
If you bought a beautiful flowering specimen, and after a few days it was not at all the way you saw it in the store window, then the purchase was most likely spontaneous. Buy a plant only if you know everything about it and can assess whether you will be able to grow it or not. If you are new to flower growing, start with the simple ones – with the most resistant and undemanding plants.
Don’t forget that the plants are treated with hormones to make them look marketable, they are intensively fed, and the leaves are sprayed with special solutions to make them shine. It is not surprising that such a plant is difficult to adapt to other conditions and dies as a result.
Inappropriate place for the plant
First of all, you need to know how to properly place plants in your apartment, because without a sufficient amount of light or, on the contrary, with its excess, they will at best lose their appearance, and at worst – die.
Elongated stems, small leaves, poor growth, green leaves instead of variegated ones are external manifestations of a lack of light.
In addition to light, the health of indoor pets is affected by temperature and humidity. In the place where you decide to place the plant, they must meet its needs. Special attention should be paid to this issue in the cold and dark season, think about additional lighting and a cool place. In winter, in room conditions, it is easy to overheat and dry out the plant, and at elevated temperatures, the development of most plants slows down.
Also, during the operation of central heating in winter or in hot weather in summer, the humidity drops sharply, which has a detrimental effect, for example, on tropical plants. A lack of moisture is indicated by damaged leaves at the edges, their dry tips, falling leaves, buds and flowers, as well as their change – shiny leaves become dull.
Irrigation errors and incorrect soil selection
With an excess of moisture, the plant is sluggish, the tips of the leaves turn yellow-brown, and closer to the beginning of the leaf, they have a yellow border, and finally, they wither and fall off. Plants cannot be over-dried or over-watered. It is important to water the plant only when the top layer of the soil looks dry. And if you see that the soil has dried out, completely submerge the pot in water for a while.
By the way, the walls of clay pots have pores, and water evaporates through them faster than from plastic pots.
Very often, the incompatibility of the soil mixture is the cause of irreversible consequences. If you do not know how to mix the substrate yourself, buy a ready-made one with the appropriate composition. So that the water does not stagnate, do not forget about the drainage at the bottom of the pot.
Diseases and pests
Plant diseases are caused by various bacteria and fungi. In case of bacterial damage, the lower leaves often turn yellow and die, and in case of fungal damage, spots or plaque appear on the leaves. If the leaves curl, turn yellow and fall off, sticky secretions, spots, cobwebs are visible on them, the tops of the shoots are deformed, or small black flies fly around the plant – all these are signs of pest damage.
In any case, the plant can be saved: in case of disease, treat it with a bactericidal or fungicidal agent, and use insecticides and acaricides against pests.