Fertilizer can be made by any gardener and even a simple summer resident.
The method of laying the correct compost
It is best to lay a compost pit in the spring. Well-prepared compost has nutrients in its composition, worms and various useful microorganisms settle in it instantly. All of them process organic matter, “utilizing” garden and garden waste in an ecological way.
To make a compost pit, choose a place without access to the sun in the shade. Put plant scraps, lawn clippings, fallen leaves from trees, sawdust from hardwood trees, chopped branches from shrubs and trees, and kitchen, animal and vegetable scraps into the compost pit.
Compost takes a long time to ripen, but you can add a little nitrogen-based fertilizer to speed up the process. Or bacteria-accelerators, which are grown for these purposes and sold in specialized stores.
The compost pit is equipped when there is too much of different waste. In the cold winter, in the compost pit, organic matter continues to grow well and does not freeze.
Even plastic garbage bags are suitable for composting if you need a small batch of compost. You can buy a ready-made compost container in specialized stores.
How to make fertilizer from common nettle
This fertilizer is an excellent tool that can protect your garden from many harmful insects.
To do this, cut the nettle with a scythe or secateurs when it blooms, chop it with an ax, put it in a fabric bag or a vegetable net, the main thing is that they let water through and move it to a container with water. Cover, loosely, with a lid so that the gas escapes. Leave for “ripening” for 24 days. Feed all your garden plants with this nettle infusion, and transfer the green mass that you remove from the bag to the composter.
Eggshell as fertilizer
Collect eggshells throughout the winter. To do this, take a small cardboard box or a new garbage bag with handles. During this period, enough shell is collected, which will already be dry, it remains only to pound it into powder and the fertilizer is ready. Eggshells are good for garden plants: tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, currants, broccoli, cantaloupe, onions, lettuce, and beets. To do this, add a pinch of egg powder to the planting hole when planting seedlings in the ground or shake your crops with it.
Fertilizer from wood sawdust
You can use sawdust in greenhouses and greenhouses: mix it with rotted animal manure and spread it on the beds. A layer of such soil will help the soil warm up much faster and accelerate seed germination. Sawdust can be used as mulch, it can delay the growth of weeds.
Useful and healing fertilizer from weeds
Prepare this fertilizer as you prepared with nettles. Take any garden weeds, chop them finely with an ax, along with the roots, separate the seeds and remove them. Put everything in a container with water in a ratio of 1×1. Cover loosely with a lid and leave to infuse in the sun. Stir the mixture regularly. The finished solution should become dark in color, bubbles and an ammonia smell will appear. As soon as the infusion stops foaming, you can use it.
Wood ash fertilizer
Any ash should be collected and stored as fertilizer, especially valuable wood ash. Many gardeners consider it the #1 natural organic fertilizer. It nourishes, structures and improves the earth. Contains a large amount of potassium compounds, improves and normalizes soil acidity, has a good effect on soil microorganisms. Wood ash is the main component of all organic fertilizers, its composition includes the following elements: phosphorus, lime, manganese, boron and others.