The season of the first sowing works is approaching. Most likely, spring in 2023 will be early and warm. This means that already in March, after the soil thaws, it can be sprinkled with nutrients for plants. This will increase crop yields and strengthen plant immunity.
Fresh manure cannot be applied to the beds. It is too concentrated for plants – crops can die. It is better to wait a few years for the manure to rot well.
Sprinkle humus over the bed and distribute it evenly over the area with a rake, breaking up large pieces. 7-10 liters of humus is enough for 1 square meter of land. It is especially good to fertilize with humus the areas where cucumbers, pumpkins and eggplants will grow in the future. Fruit trees and berry bushes also like humus.
Table salt against weeds is often used as a fertilizer in its pure form. Salt increases the yield of poor soils, repels slugs and moles from the site, protects vegetables from late blight. Also, the lack of salt in the soil makes vegetables taste fresher.
It is important not to overdo it with this fertilizer, otherwise the soil will be too salty. Sprinkle no more than a small handful of salt per square meter of soil. After sprinkling, water the area, or sprinkle it after rain.
Salt can be used to fertilize the soil where potatoes, carrots, beets and tomatoes will grow. Salt will improve the taste of these vegetables and increase the yield.
Fertilize the soil with compost in the spring before planting. It makes the soil loose and nutritious, and also attracts earthworms useful for crops. Organic matter is scattered over the site, and then dug up to a depth of 5 cm. It is applied 3-4 weeks before planting vegetables in open ground.
It is better to fertilize the vegetable garden with mature compost that is about 4 years old, because there is too much nitrogen in fresh compost. Compost is useful for all plants, but it is most loved by cabbage, greens, radishes, cucumbers, and zucchini. Strawberries give a very good harvest on beds sprinkled with compost.
Some nutrients can enter the soil only from mineral fertilizers. You can buy them in agricultural stores or on the market. Fertilizers are nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
Usually, the preparations indicate which vegetable crops they are suitable for and how they are used. Do not exceed the dosage indicated by the manufacturer, otherwise the plants may die.