In the spring, gardeners start cultivating crops, especially grapes. We suggest you find out what you need to do so that it gives a good harvest in the summer.
Remove cover and examine vines
The shelter is removed after the snow melts and the temperature does not fall below 5 degrees of frost, and the soil dries. If there are temperature differences, the plant is opened, but the vines are not removed from the trench so that they are not damaged by wind and cold.
Be sure to inspect the bush and treat it with a special paste for damage. If there is mold, do not worry, it will disappear on its own in the fresh air.
Trim the vine
As soon as the air temperature is stable, you need to cut the vine before the juicer. Gardeners usually do this at the end of April, but if the grape variety is frost-resistant, then pruning can be done already in March.
First, damaged, diseased, frostbitten, too thin, thick and old shoots are removed. Then they form a vine by cutting the shoots so that up to 15 buds remain.
For such a procedure, sharp and disinfected secateurs are necessary. The cuts should be even, without cracks and bends. Each section is also processed.
Treat grapes from diseases and pests
In the spring, vines should be treated against pests and diseases. It is necessary to carry out such processing as early as possible, then the plant will be more protected. For the first time, the procedure is carried out during the tying of the vine. For this, you will need a 3% solution of copper sulfate. This will protect the grapes from harmful insects.
The vine is processed a second time, when buds are formed. Ready-made solutions are used for this. Processing will provide protection against various diseases.
The third treatment is carried out on November 12-15. This is done in order to protect the plant from the grape mite.
In order for the harvest to be good, grapes need top dressing. The first is done when the buds begin to swell.
It is better to use for this a mineral-nitrogen complex, which contains superphosphate, potassium and urea in the proportion of 60 grams. and dilute in 50 liters of water. Also, a 5% solution of bird droppings is suitable as top dressing.
The grapes are fed a second time when the flowering period begins. Top dressing should contain superphosphate and potassium sulfate.
When the flowering is over, the grapes are not left without top dressing. Mix 50 grams of urea and 60 grams of superphosphate per 10 liters of water. The grapes should be sprayed with the solution.
Expansion of the vineyard
In May, you can renew or expand the vineyard. Plant new seedlings, harvested yourself or bought.The soil temperature should be 10 degrees Celsius.
The grapevine needs special care and attention, then the harvest will be good.